Seminar, 05. November 2015, Areejit Samal

05. November 2015, 16:15

Ernst-Abbe-Platz 2, seminar room 3423

Network reconstruction and systems analysis of the plant cell wall deconstruction by a model filamentous fungus

Dr. Areejit Samal
(The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai, India)

A principal barrier in economical production of lignocellulosic biofuel is the enzyme costs required for conversion of plant biomass polysaccharides into simple fermentable sugars. Filamentous fungi are an excellent source of hydrolytic enzymes degrading lignocellulose. Neurospora crassa is a model filamentous fungus that can degrade and grow on lignocellulosic plant biomass. A system level understanding of the mechanisms employed by Neurospora to degrade plant cell wall and the regulation of associated genes can guide the rational design of hypersecretion strains. Towards this goal, we have reconstructed the first comprehensive network of biochemical reactions in Neurospora for plant cell wall deconstruction. Our reconstruction effort involved the integration of five heterogeneous data types to generate a feature matrix capturing the combined information. Using the feature matrix, we have devised a simple method for assigning annotation confidence scores to genes in the network. Experiments were performed to generate RNAseq data for Neurospora grown in different nutrient conditions. Biclustering of RNAseq data in different nutrient conditions revealed environment-specific gene modules. Subsequent analysis of RNAseq and ChIPseq data within the network context shed new insights on regulation of genes coding for plant cell wall degrading enzymes in Neurospora.